Division of Communicable Diseases focuses on research in communicable diseases mainly tuberculosis & HIV/AIDS especially in tribal population. It also actively participates in epidemiological investigations including outbreak investigations. It is also supporting two important national programmes viz. Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) and National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) through its TB lab and HIV lab and Integrated Counseling & Training Centre (ICTC). The tuberculosis laboratory of the division is the recognized Intermediate Reference Laboratory (IRL) for culture and drug sensitivity for Mycobacterium tuberculosis under RNTCP and HIV laboratory is the State Referral Laboratory (SRL) for the state of Madhya Pradesh. Dr V.G. Rao, Scientist G is also a nodal officer of the Model Rural Health Research Unit (MRHRU), Datia, Madhya Pradesh under the Department of Health Research, Govt. of India.
The Division is actively engaged in studies on epidemiology, diagnostics, characterization and isolation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Non Mycobacterium tuberculosis, intervention studies in tribal population of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh and development of indigenous diagnostic assay to reduce the economic burden of MTB detection. The conventional and modern techniques such as Microscopy, Solid Culture & DST, Line Probe Assays, GeneXpert MTB/Rif and other molecular techniques (PCR, LAMP) are used for TB diagnosis. It is also involved in capacity building activities through trainings, orientation & reorientation workshops etc. A series of studies conducted by the division has documented an alarmingly high TB prevalence in Saharia, a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG) in Madhya Pradesh. It has also demonstrated reduction in TB prevalence through active case detection involving the community and DOTS implementation under RNTCP. Based on these encouraging findings, we are initiating action cum research project to demonstrate TB control in a phased manner in this tribal community.
Mobile TB Diagnostic Vans (MTDV) equipped with Sputum microscopy & digital X ray are providing TB diagnostic services to tribal populations in remote areas at their door steps in the states of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.
- Dr. V. G. Rao, Scientist 'G'
- Dr. Jyothi T. Bhat, Scientist 'E'
- Dr. Rajeev Yadav, Scientist 'D'
- Mr. B.K. Tiwari, Principal Technical Officer
- Dr. M.K. Bhondeley, Senior Technical Officer(III)
- Mr. Mohanlal Kori Senior Technical Officer(III)
- Mr. ChandanKarfoarma, Senior Technical Officer (II)
- Mrs. Canina Luke, Senior Technical Officer (I)
- Mr. Nitish K Parihar, Technical Assistant
- Ms. Mala Prajapati, Technician A
- Mr. Suresh Burman, Laboratory Assistant
- Mr. RajendraKusre, Laboratory Assistant
- Targeted Intervention to expand and strengthen TB control in tribal population under revised National TB control Programme, India.
- Intensified Tuberculosis Control among Saharia tribe of M.P. District Guna.
- Comparative study of line probe assay and Xpert MTB/RIF for detection of MDR (Funded by ICMR, New Delhi).
- Designing a immunovisual assay for early detection of M. tuberculosis from culture (Funded by TATA Trusts, Mumbai)
- To design and develop high sensitivity detection of MTB-antigens using Immuno-LAMP to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens directly from specimens/sputum (Funded by International Society for Infectious Diseases, Brooklyn, USA)